Ramses III inscriptions

Ramses III inscription discovered near Tem’a in Saudi Arabia
Four months ago, an archeological discovery was made in the location of the historically famous Tem’a oasis. Tem’a is known as one of the largest archeological sites in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as in the whole of Arabian Peninsula, where to this day the remains of the ancient archeological wall surrounding the site measuring 13 kilometers. The discovered item is a hieroglyphic cartouche of King Ramses III representing a Pharaohic antiquity for the first time in the Arabian Peninsula. This discovery has raised a big question as to its presence in the depth of the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula.
Soon after this excavation, Saudi archaeologists carried out field research and desk studies and found that there was an ancient trade route that linked the Nile Valley directly to Tem'a during the reign of Pharaoh Ramses III in the twelfth century BC, over which the trading Egyptian caravans were carrying precious and luxury goods, such as incense, copper, gold and silver from Tem’a. The route was marked by royal signatures (Cartridges) of Ramses III that were found engraved on stones placed on several water sources (Manahils) in the Sinai Peninsula and the Arabian Peninsula.
The ancient trade route, after leaving the Nile Valley behind, intersects Port Qulzum and the Suez City where the Temple of King Ramses III still exists. The route then goes by Red Sea to Srabeet Al Khadim near Abu Zanema port on the Gulf of Suez, where another inscription of Ramses III was discovered. The route then crosses the Sinai Peninsula directly and passes through Manhal Abu Qada near an oasis of palm trees where the archeologists also found a similar double cartouche hieroglyph as in Tem’a that bears the name of King Ramses III.

The route then leads to the Gulf of Aqaba and passing on the Nahe and Tamneah sites where on each of the sites were found the double cartouche of King Ramses III. A Papyrus of Ramses III was also found on the location referring to send people to bring copper from a neighboring country.
This discovery constitutes a turning point in the study of the roots of cultural relations between Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula, pointing to the existence of more cartridges in Al Hasmi area, on the ancient routes belonging to Ramses III or to other Pharaoh Kings of Egypt.
Al Hasmi area separates Tem’a from the Gulf of Aqaba by 400 kilometer. The area is characterized by rock facades of beautiful composition suitable for writing and painting. Thus, SCTH is working to implement the archaeological survey of this region.

It is worth mentioning that a number of small antiquity items, made in Egypt were also found in the past along a number of archeological sites in Saudi Arabia. Some of these finds were in the cemeteries and landfills in the south of Dhahran in the Eastern Province, in Al Faw the capital of the Kingdom of Kinda in the south-west of Najd Plateau, as well as in Tem’a. Most of these items represent scraps of ceramics painted with blue turquoise and dating back to different historical periods.


Furthermore, the sector of Antiquities and Museum in the SCTH, is working to implement the directives of His Royal Highness Prince Sultan bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz, President of SCTH to highlight the cultural dimension of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and describe its links with other civilizations, and its role in the intercultural dialogue and openness to the world's civilizations near and far from the Arabian Peninsula at various ages.
SCTH has implemented a number of research programs and works in the field of archaeology through local and international specialized teams, using modern scientific methods for the analysis of history for survey and exploration. These efforts have resulted in discovering a number of archaeological materials and adding much information to our knowledge of previous reports on this subject. The latest announcement is but one of the series of new discoveries that will be announced at a later time after the completion of the study and verification of all aspects associated with the new finds.
Undoubtedly, highlighting of the depths of cultural dimension of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia enjoys the special attention of His Royal Highness Prince Sultan bin Salman bin Abdul Aziz, President of SCTH, implemented according to his plan and supervised by His Royal Highness personally. The government provides all the necessary resources for this issue, especially as the Arabian Peninsula, by virtue of its unique geographical position has always been a land of dialogue and bridge to peaceful coexistence of scores of civilizations through the ages. These traditions are strongly represented in the international call of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques - may God preserve him - regarding his initiative of religions dialogues, which implies the ancient tradition that distinguishes the civilized role of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia through the ages.