Qaryat Al Faw

قرية الفاو 

This city was known as Dhāt Kahl in the South Arabian text.  It is located about 700 km south-west of Riyadh city, and about 150 km south-east of Al Khamaseen in Wadi Al Dawasir. The ancient city is located at a pass through the Ṭuwayq Mountains where it intersects with Wādī al-Dawāsir, overlooking the northwestern edge of the Empty Quarter desert. It is a gap in the mountain called Al Faw situated on the ancient trade route which was known as Najran-Al Jarfa road.  

“Qaryat” site is considered to be one of the most important archeological sites across the Arabian Peninsula if not in the whole world, because it represents a vivid example of an Arab city before Islam, which exhibits various features such as houses, roads, markets, cemeteries and water wells, temples etc.

Al Faw village was the capital of Kindah Kingdom which had a significant role in the history of the Arabian Peninsula for more than five centuries from the 1st century BC to the 4th century AD. It was a major trade center and the crossroads of caravans, which carried minerals, grains and textiles to and from different parts of the region. It was bustling with houses, squares, streets and a market place. It had over 17 water wells and its people were practicing agriculture and trade. 

The site includes many archeological landmarks and large number of archaeological mounds are spread all over its surface, in, both the residential are and the market place. A number of bronze statues, and mockups were found on the site giving it a new vista cultural dimension.

The site also contains a cemetery with tombstones carved with Masnad Al Janoby's calligraphy. A number of relics were found in the site and are being restored presently. 

Also a number of relics that were found in the sites are displayed in the "Saudi Archeological Masterpieces through the ages" exhibition in the United States of America presently. 

Site Rehabilitation Efforts:

Interest in the village of Al Faw as an archaeological site dates back to the 1940s, when some official workers of Saudi Aramco reported about it. It was also subject to exploration visits made by Abdullah Falbi and several other foreign archaeologists. Notes and observations archaeologists on the site formed the starting point for the excavation work at the site in 1972.

Within the site rehabilitation efforts, SCTH has signed a memorandum of cooperation with the King Saud University. The site enjoys attention and follow-up of the Riyadh Governor who has instructed relevant authorities in the Riyadh province to provide necessary facilities for its protection and team support. 

Currently, the rehabilitation work is in progress to make the site ready and reopen it to the public after its area was expanded to 16 km2 and has been fenced completely.

The rehabilitation project aims to achieve a number of cultural, social and economic goals through transforming the site into a historic monument in order to play an economic, social and cultural role in the Riyadh province as the well as the Wadi Al Dawasir municipality. 
Rehabilitation work on the sites also aim to prepare and showcase archaeological discoveries to scholars and students of archeology, to people concerned of the cultural heritage of the region and to region's visitors, in addition to making it an economic tributary to support the local population through the creation of job opportunities.