Additional information on Ramses III inscription near Tem’a





 
Additional information on Ramses III inscription near Tem’a
 
 The importance of the archeological item lies in the fact that it is the first Pharaohic hieroglyph inscription ever found in the Arabian Peninsula. The inscription bears a royal signature of one of ancient kings of Egypt - Ramses III who ruled Egypt in (1192-1160 BC).
 
The inscription was found near the Tem’a municipality.
 
In the 2nd millennium B.C. Tem’a was one of the most important flourishing cities in the Medean Kingdom and a major market of luxury supplies. Merchants from the Nile Valley, Mesopotamia and the Levant arrived here with various type of goods for trade. It is also one of the largest archeological sites in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and in the Arabian Peninsula, where the present remains of its surrounding ancient wall extends 13 kilometers in length.
 
The inscription confirms the occurrence of many trade exchanges between Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula during the 12th century BC, where the Egyptian caravans were arriving into Tem’a 3200 years ago to be supplied with precious goods including gold, silver, copper and incense.
 
The inscription was found four months ago and its existence near Tem’a raise a big question on the historic context through which the existence of the Pharaohic cartouche in the depths of the north-west of the Arabian Peninsula. The Saudi archaeologists have conducted field surveys and official studies to find out about this and according to which they arrived at the conclusion that there was indeed an ancient trade route linking the Nile Valley directly to Tem'a. The ancient trade route was used during the reign of Ramses III in the 12th century BC over which Egyptian trading caravans carried precious and luxury goods, like incense, gold, silver and copper from Tem’a.
 
The track of the ancient route was marked with royal signatures (signatures or seals) of King Ramses III placed on several water sources (Manahil) in Sinai Peninsula and on the Arabian Peninsula.
 
The ancient route itself, after leaving behind the Nile Valley, intersects the Port Qulzum, then the Suez City where the Temple of King Ramses III still exists. Then it passes by the Red Sea to Srabeet Al Khadim near Abu Zanema port on the Gulf of Suez, where another inscription of Ramses III was discovered. Then the route crosses the Sinai Peninsula directly and passes through Manhal Abu Qada near the oasis of palm trees where they also found a similar double cartouche hieroglyph as in Tem’a that bearing the name of Ramses III. The route then leads to the Gulf of Aqaba and passing on the Nahe and Tamneah sites where on each site were found the double cartouche of King Ramses III. Also a Papyrus of Ramses III was found on the location referring to send people to bring copper from the neighboring country.
 
This discovery is a turning point in the study of the roots of the old ties between Egypt and the Arabian Peninsula. Copious evidence indicates that this rout was not used for just for one time only. Archaeologists expect to discover more of the cartridges in the future. Many other cartridges are also expected to be found along the route that belongs to Ramses III or other kings of the ancient Egypt in the area of Al Hasmi which separates Tem'a from the Gulf of Aqaba, with 400 kilometer s. The area is featured with its beautiful rock facades convenient for writing and painting. SCTH is undertaking a minute archaeological work in this area.
 
Many small antiquity items made in Egypt were found previously along, in a number of archaeological sites all over the Kingdom. These items were found specifically in a cemetery south of Al-Dahran, in the Eastern Province, in Al Faw, the capital of the Kingdom of Kinda in the south-west of Najd Plateau and in Tem’a as well. Most of these items represent ceramic scarps coated with blue turquoise paint and dating back to different historic periods.
 
The announcement of the discovery of this important relic comes in line with the Commission's efforts to shed light on the historic dimensions and the ancient international and regional cultural ties of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, in addition to bringing out its important role in the intercultural dialogue and openness to the neighboring and distant civilizations through the ages. In order to reach these objectives SCTH. it carried out a lot of field studies and archaeological works by specialized teams of national and international repute using modern scientific technology for the analysis of archaeological sites, carbon-dating, surveying, exploration and discovery. These works resulted in a number of outcomes associated with physical and archeological evidences and important information adding significant facts to our existing knowledge. The recently declared discovery is considered as one of the series of new discoveries to be announced successively after completing all the related studies and verifications of their associated aspects.
 
The outstanding achievement was made by the officials of the Antiquities and Museums Sector at the SCTH, its friends and its contributors, Tem’a antiquity office and the King Saud University.
 
The team that discovered and studied the Ramses III inscription includes the following:
 
        1- Dr. Ali Ibrahim Al Ghabban, Vise-President of SCTH for Antiquities and Museums
        2- Mr. Mohammad bin Hamad Al Najm, Director of Tem’a antiquity office
        3- Dr. Mohammad bin Aal Al Zebi, member of teaching staff, King Saud University
        4- Eng. Mohammad Mahmoud Babli, photographer and contributor of SCTH
        5- Salim bin Rabi Al Arnon, Tourist guide, Tem’a, municipality
 
 
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